Golf Instruction for a proper Golf Swing

When learning to swing a golf club it is important to understand 2 concepts. What the body is doing throughout the golf swing, and what is the club doing. You need to work on these areas to ensure a proper sequencing of the body, arms and club.

You need to understand what the body does throughout the golf swing before you look at the arms, hands and club. The body movement coils and uncoils energy that creates speed through the arms, hands and club that allow you to hit a long ball. This is called the ‘pivot’.  Arms and club movement can vary enormously in golfers but the body movement varies little.  Once a golfer understands the role the body plays throughout the golf swing the easier it is to implement the arms and club.


The feeling of the body is athletic, with the muscles on the inside of the legs are alert with the weight centered on the balls of the feet. This gives your lower body a feeling of stability while allowing you to feel the ground you are standing on. Both feet are slightly flared allowing you to coil correctly in the backswing. Shoulders, knees and balls of you feet should be lined up in a straight line.  The lower body needs to be straight while the upper body is slightly curved.  It is important that the feet, hips and shoulders are parallel to the target.


During the backswing it is important to understand that the hips make 2 motions. The first is a slight lateral movement and the second is rotation. The arms and club rotate in unison with the shoulders. At waist height the club should be ‘toe to the sky’.

The shoulders then rotate and should be rotating at right angles to the spine. At the halfway point in the back swing the wrists begin to cock.

At the top of your swing your shirt buttons should be over your right knee (left for left handers) and you back should be facing the target. The shoulders should have rotated around 90 degrees and the hips only half that amount. This is one major factor in generating lots of speed at impact.

At the top of the swing your club should be parallel to the target line.


The transition phase is the make or break phase of the golf swing. It is the change in direction from backswing to downswing and is the point which separates a good golf swing from a poor one. As the torso is completing the backswing the lower body is beginning the downswing. The means that for a split second the body is actually moving in 2 directions. Your weight needs to shift forward from the right heel towards the toes of the left. You should have a strong feeling of weight pushing down into the right leg as your hips move downwards the target. You need to maintain you arm length and your wrists should be fully cocked.

The aim is to get the club shaft parallel to the ground and parallel to the target line when returning to waist height. This is a critical check point when analyzing your golf swing to see if you are above, below or on plane. On plane is your target. The wrists must still be cocked.


At impact your left leg should have firmed up and the majority of your weight needs to be towards your left heel. You right knee needs to move in front of the right heel and move towards the center. Your hips need to clear and are more open to the target.  The club face should impact the ball in a square position.

Post Impact

This is the position in the swing immediately following impact. The path of the club needs to move back to the left. Your upper left arm needs to maintain its connection with the chest with the hands remaining passive. It is the body rotation that gets the club square. At 3/4 follow through the body has begun to face the target.

The finish position is where the body has fully rotated and the hips face the target. It is here that you can admire your shot! Keep practice and try to watch yourself on video. This will provide excellent feedback and should allow you to implement these golf tips.